Learning

The Life of a Truffle

 

A Mushroom

The truffle is a mushroom. The part we pick and commonly call a truffle is the reproductive organ of the mushroom.

 

Symbiosis 

The truffle grows underground along with a host plant : this is called symbiosis. The mushroom, thanks to its numerous, very fine filaments explores the soil around it, and captures water and minerals which it transfers to the plant. In return, the plant provides the mushroom with the sugar it produces during photo-synthesis.

This exchange between the two takes place in a common organ called the mycorhize.

 

Annual Reproduction

The truffle reproduces itself. Sexed reproduction takes place in the spring. The mushroom then grows and develop over the summer and autumn months until its carpophore (the reproductive organ that is to be picked) reaches maturity.